“Monsters exist, but they are too few in numbers to be truly dangerous. More dangerous are the functionaries ready to believe and act without asking questions. Auschwitz survivor, Italian writer Primo Levi witnessed how extreme violence can become part of routine and looks legitimate to a society.
In an article recently published in Organization Studies, Ignasi Martí and Pablo Fernández, from the French Emlyon Business School, rescue the thoughts of Levi, and many others who have made organizational and sociological reflections on the Holocaust, as Hannah Arendt and Zygmunt Balman.
Martí and Fernández demonstrate in details the institutional mechanisms of oppression that took place in the concentration camps during the II World War. The massacre of Jews and other “undesirable elements ” by the Nazis was conducted in a planned, systematic and organized way, the authors argue. Therefore, it is possible to study the strategies that allowed the arising of the structures of extermination.